Saturday, July 23, 2016

FT Lat Am Viva For 22 July, 2016

FINANCIAL TIMES - Latam Viva: Your weekly briefing from the region
Brazil's Olympic challenge
By Samantha Pearson 
July 22, 2016
Bomb warnings; ISIS; suspicious packages; anti-terror operations; security drills – living in Brazil for the past week has felt a lot like being back in Europe or the US. With only two weeks to go until Rio de Janeiro becomes the first South American city to host the Olympic Games, Brazil has rushed to convince the world that it is taking the threat of a terrorist attack seriously.
On ThursdayBrazilian police arrested ten people allegedly linked to ISIS in the country’s first anti-terror operation since the introduction of the terrorism law earlier this year. The suspects, all of them Brazilian, are believed to have participated in an ISIS initiation ceremony over the internet, exchanged ISIS execution videos and applauded recent terrorist attacks in Orlando and France. They also tried to acquire an AK-47 assault rifle from an arms dealer in Paraguay and had discussed martial arts and firearms training, according to Brazilian authorities.
Meanwhile, security forces have carried out drills in the metro and near sports facilities over the past few days, as well as stepping up checks at airports. On Tuesday night, bomb squads were also sent to São Paulo’s main Paulista Avenue to investigate a suitcase that had been abandoned close to the French Consulate.
However, the authorities’ efforts and Thursday’s operation in particular– while applauded abroad – were largely met with incredulity and even ridicule among Brazilians. In spite of the near-civil war that rages in Brazil’s favelas between drug gangs and police, Brazilians pride themselves on being a pacifist nation. Terrorism is still largely seen as something that happens to other people, somewhere else.
In fact, one of the main questions Brazilians were asking after Thursday’s police operation was not whether the threat was real but how police had managed to intercept the suspects’ messages, particularly those sent over WhatsApp.
On Tuesday a judge shut down the hugely popular messaging app across the whole country for the third time in eight months in an apparent act of retaliation to punish WhatsApp for not cooperating on common criminal investigations. Judges say WhatsApp has refused to reveal the contents of messages sent over its app, which they need to convict some of the country’s most dangerous drug traffickers. However, Facebook-owned WhatsApp, which is used by about 100m people in Brazil, has always said that it has no way of seeing the contents of users’ messages since they are encrypted. The company could not help even if it wanted to, it says.
However, Thursday’s police operation left many scratching their heads. “The courts are always blocking WhatsApp because it does not provide this information but to catch these ‘terrorists’ the police intercepted everything without any problems…huh?!” tweeted one Brazilian. Others even suggested that it was ABIN, Brazil’s intelligence agency, that was behind the recent WhatsApp bans in their fight against terrorism.
While analysts speculated that the police may have managed to clone the numbers of the suspects or somehow bugged their phones, the police have kept schtum about their methods.
Quote of the week
“I still believe that domestic crime is a more concerning issue than the question of terrorism” - Alexandre de Moraes, Brazil’s justice minister.
Chart: Americas currency crash
Other views
The week in review
Challenges hound organisers of Rio Olympic Games
Hurdles range from huge logistics issues to Olympic-size rodents on a golf course
Brazil keen to open trade talks with UK
Post-Brexit negotiations could come under Mercosur trade bloc, says foreign minister
Brazil arrests 10 terrorism suspects as Rio Olympics approach
Justice chief says cell participated in Isis initiation ceremony over the internet
Brazil arrests 10 with suspected Isis links
Latam forex weakness yet to boost exports
Benefits of currency depreciations remain muted as global trade volumes fall for third month